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"Florida Homeowners and Condos: Legal Guide to Special Assessments"

A special assessment is a charge that is levied by a homeowners' association (HOA) or condominium association (COA) on its members for a specific purpose. These assessments are typically used to fund repairs, improvements, or other special projects that are outside of the association's regular operating budget. In Florida, special assessments can be a significant financial burden for homeowners and condominium owners, and it is important for these property owners to understand their rights and responsibilities when it comes to special assessments.


Under Florida law, HOAs and COAs have the authority to levy special assessments on their members for a variety of purposes. These purposes may include:

  • Repairs or improvements to common areas or facilities

  • Funding for capital expenditures or special projects

  • Emergency repairs or maintenance

  • Insurance premiums

  • Legal or professional fees

Special assessments can be levied as a one-time charge or as a series of payments over time. The amount of the assessment will depend on the purpose of the assessment and the size of the property owner's unit. For example, a condominium owner with a larger unit may be assessed a higher amount than a homeowner with a smaller unit.


It is important for homeowners and condominium owners to carefully review any special assessment that they are being asked to pay. They should make sure that the purpose of the assessment is reasonable and that the amount of the assessment is fair and equitable. If a property owner believes that the assessment is unjust or unreasonable, they have the right to challenge the assessment and seek a resolution through the association's dispute resolution process.


If a property owner fails to pay a special assessment, the association may take legal action to collect the unpaid amount. This may include filing a lien against the property or foreclosing on the property. It is important for property owners to pay their special assessments on time to avoid these legal consequences.


In conclusion, special assessments can be a significant financial burden for Florida homeowners and condominium owners. It is important for these property owners to understand their rights and responsibilities when it comes to special assessments, and to carefully review any assessment that they are being asked to pay. By taking these steps, property owners can protect their financial interests and avoid legal problems related to unpaid assessments.








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